Study Aids:

Click the Study Aids tab at the bottom of the book to access your Study Aids (usually practice quizzes and flash cards).

Study Pass:

Study Pass is our latest digital product that lets you take notes, highlight important sections of the text using different colors, create "tags" or labels to filter your notes and highlights, and print so you can study offline. Study Pass also includes interactive study aids, such as flash cards and quizzes.

Highlighting and Taking Notes:

If you've purchased the All Access Pass or Study Pass, in the online reader, click and drag your mouse to highlight text. When you do a small button appears – simply click on it! From there, you can select a highlight color, add notes, add tags, or any combination.

Printing:

If you've purchased the All Access Pass, you can print each chapter by clicking on the Downloads tab. If you have Study Pass, click on the print icon within Study View to print out your notes and highlighted sections.

Search:

To search, use the text box at the bottom of the book. Click a search result to be taken to that chapter or section of the book (note you may need to scroll down to get to the result).

View Full Student FAQs

## 15.5 Applying the Rate of Return Formulas

### Learning Objective

1. Learn how to apply numerical values for exchange rates and interest rates to the rate of return formulas to determine the best international investment.

Use the data in the tables below to calculate in which country it would have been best to purchase a one-year interest-bearing asset.These numbers were taken from the Economist, Weekly Indicators, December 17, 2005, p. 90, http://www.economist.com.

## Example 1

Consider the following data for interest rates and exchange rates in the United States and Britain:

 $i$ 2.37% per year $i£$ 4.83% per year $E/£04$ 1.96 $/£ $E/£05$ 1.75$/£

We imagine that the decision is to be made in 2004, looking forward into 2005. However, we calculate this in hindsight after we know what the 2005 exchange rate is. Thus we plug in the 2005 rate for the expected exchange rate and use the 2004 rate as the current spot rate. Thus the ex-post (i.e., after the fact) rate of return on British deposits is given by

$RoR£=0.0483+(1+0.0483)1.75−1.961.96,$

which simplifies to

RoR£ = 0.0483 + (1 + 0.0483)(−0.1071) = −0.064 or −6.4%.

A negative rate of return means that the investor would have lost money (in dollar terms) by purchasing the British asset.

## Example 3

Consider the following data for interest rates and exchange rates in the United States and South Korea. Note that South Korean currency is in won (W).

 $i$ 2.37% per year $iW$ 4.04% per year $EW/04$ 1,059 W/$$EW/05$ 1,026 W/$

As in the preceding examples, the decision is to be made in 2004, looking forward to 2005. However, since the previous year interest rate is not listed, we use the current short-term interest rate. Before calculating the rate of return, it is necessary to convert the exchange rate to the won equivalent rather than the dollar equivalent. Thus

Now, the ex-post (i.e., after the fact) rate of return on Italian deposits is given by

$RoRW=0.0404+(1+0.0404)0.000975−0.0009440.000944,$

which simplifies to

RoRW = 0.0404 + (1 + 0.0404)(0.0328) = 0.0746 or +7.46%.

In this case, the positive rate of return means an investor would have made money (in dollar terms) by purchasing the South Korean asset.

Also, since RoR$= 2.37 percent < RoRW = 7.46 percent, the investor seeking the highest rate of return should have deposited his money in the South Korean account. ### Key Takeaway • An investor should choose the deposit or asset that promises the highest expected rate of return assuming equivalent risk and liquidity characteristics. ### Exercises 1. Consider the following data collected on February 9, 2004. The interest rate given is for a one-year money market deposit. The spot exchange rate is the rate for February 9. The expected exchange rate is the one-year forward rate. Express each answer as a percentage.  $iC$ 2.5% $EUS/C$ 0.7541 US$/C$$EUS/Ce$ 0[0].7468 US$/C$1. Use both RoR formulas (one from Chapter 15 "Foreign Exchange Markets and Rates of Return", Section 15.3 "Calculating Rate of Returns on International Investments", the other from Chapter 15 "Foreign Exchange Markets and Rates of Return", Section 15.4 "Interpretation of the Rate of Return Formula", Step 5) to calculate the expected rate of return on the Canadian money market deposit and show that both formulas generate the same answer. 2. What part of the rate of return arises only due to the interest earned on the deposit? 3. What part of the rate of return arises from the percentage change in the value of the principal due to the change in the exchange rate? 4. What component of the rate of return arises from the percentage change in the value of the interest payments due to the change in the exchange rate? 2. Consider the following data collected on February 9, 2004. The interest rate given is for a one-year money market deposit. The spot exchange rate is the rate for February 9. The expected exchange rate is the one-year forward rate. Express each answer as a percentage.  $i£$ 4.5% $E/£$ 1.8574$/£ $E/£e$ 1.7956 \$/£
1. Use both RoR formulas (one from Chapter 15 "Foreign Exchange Markets and Rates of Return", Section 15.3 "Calculating Rate of Returns on International Investments", the other from Chapter 15 "Foreign Exchange Markets and Rates of Return", Section 15.4 "Interpretation of the Rate of Return Formula", Step 5) to calculate the expected rate of return on the British money market deposit and show that both formulas generate the same answer.
2. What part of the rate of return arises only due to the interest earned on the deposit?
3. What part of the rate of return arises from the percentage change in the value of the principal due to the change in the exchange rate?
4. What component of the rate of return arises from the percentage change in the value of the interest payments due to the change in the exchange rate?
Close Search Results
Study Aids

Need Help?

Talk to a Flat World Knowledge Rep today:

Monday - Friday 9am - 5pm Eastern